|Title||The Comprehensive English-Georgian Online Dictionary: Methods, Principles, Modern Technologies|
|Abstract||The aim of the paper is to present the lexicographic project completed in I. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, namely the Comprehensive English-Georgian Online Dictionary. |
Conceived back in the 1960s of the previous century at the Chair of English Philology of the University, the dictionary project has gone through many difficult stages: erroneous decisions about principles of compilation of dictionary entries, incorrect sources chosen for the dictionary, lack of experience of lexicographic work at an educational institution, no financing, etc. In the 1980s a small team of editors embarked on thorough revision of the dictionary material and started publication of the dictionary in fascicles, on a letter-by-letter basis. The online version of the dictionary, posted in the Internet in 2010, is based on the mentioned fascicles. The paper discusses the macrostructure of the dictionary, considerations behind the selection of the word-list for the dictionary; principles of presentation of homonyms, converted forms, polysemy; exemplification policy, as illustrative phrases and sentences constitute a very important component of dictionary entries. The paper pays special attention to the treatment of semantic asymmetry between genetically unrelated and systemically completely different languages as is the case with the Georgian and English languages. The paper elucidates grammatical, as well as other types of labels employed in the dictionary: temporal (archaic, obsolate), regional (American English, Australian English, etc); formal and informal, spoken words, sociolects and connoted vocabulary are also marked by respective labels (formal, informal, colloquial, vulgar, slang, derogatory, contemptuous, pejorative, etc); specialized terminology has subject-specific labels (anatomy, architecture, astronomy, biology, geography, geology, economics, medicine, metallurgy, philosophy, finance, technical, zoology, etc).
|Session||Reports on lexicographical projects|
|Keywords||English-Georgian dictionary, structure content, software.|