Examining the Effectiveness of Dictionary Instruction on Meaning Determination of Polysemous Words

By November 23, 2016,
Page206-211
AuthorOsamu Matsumoto
TitleExamining the Effectiveness of Dictionary Instruction on Meaning Determination of Polysemous Words
AbstractThis study investigates the effects of dictionary use instruction on meaning determination of polysemous words among beginner-level Japanese learners of English, or more specifically, its effects on selecting an appropriate L1 equivalent for target L2 polysemous words from the multiple senses provided by a bilingual dictionary. Twenty-five Japanese high school students participated and were divided into two groups based on having received a dictionary instruction class or a normal reading comprehension class. The dictionary instruction was conducted so as to increase linguistic and dictionary-specific knowledge and raise awareness of surrounding contexts of a word in the text. The quantitative analysis of a pre- and post-test revealed that the group with dictionary instruction considerably improved in locating an appropriate L1 equivalent within the entry for a polysemous word. In addition, after dictionary instruction, participants were more likely to pay careful attention to familiar words when they appeared in a syntactically and/or semantically unfamiliar way. These findings indicate that, even though dictionary instruction was conducted in a relatively short period, it largely contributed to the learners’ development of ability for meaning determination of polysemous words. This effect occurred while reading with and without a dictionary.
SessionResearch On Dictionary Use
Keywordsdictionary instruction; polysemous word; meaning determination; familiar word
BibTex
@InProceedings{ELX2016-018,
author={Osamu Matsumoto},
title={Examining the Effectiveness of Dictionary Instruction on Meaning Determination of Polysemous Words},
pages={206-211},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 17th EURALEX International Congress},
year={2016},
month={sep},
date={6-10},
address={Tbilisi, Georgia},
editor={Tinatin Margalitadze, George Meladze},
publisher={Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi University Press},
isbn={978-9941-13-542-2},
}
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