For an Extended Definition of Lexical Collocations

By November 17, 2016,
Page 1453-1460
Author Agnes Tutin
Title For an Extended Definition of Lexical Collocations
Abstract Restricted lexical collocations have now been studied and encoded in dictionaries for over twenty years, and stable definitions have been provided for this notion by numerous scholars working on collocations (e.g. Hausmann 1989, Mel'čuk 1998, Heid 1994). They are roughly defined as recurrent combinations of two linguistic elements which have a syntactic relationship. One of the elements of the collocation, called base, keeps its usual meaning-autosemantic words (Hausmann 2004)-while the other, the collocate, is dependent on the other-synsemantic words-and usually has a less transparent meaning. Even though such a definition is nevertheless operational for a large number of lexical associations, it raises several problems. The first problems has to do with the binary status of the collocation and the unequal status of the two parts of the collocation, which has been questioned by several linguists (inter alia Siepmann 2006, Bartsch 2004) who suggest expanding the definition to associations of three or more elements. A second problem concerns the grammatical status of the collocations. Should functional words-and to what extent-be included in the definition of collocation? For example, in expressions such as for fear of, the whole combination can be analysed as a preposition, and not as a phrase contrary to prototypical collocations such as pay attention-verb phrase, major problemnoun phrase, seriously injured-adjective phrase. However, fear in for fear of can be considered as relatively transparent, and according to us, it should be considered a collocation. In this paper, we study these two issues in detail and call for an extended typology of restricted collocations. We examine the lexicographical consequences of such an extended definition.
Session 8. Phraseology and Collocation
author = {Agnes Tutin},
title = {For an Extended Definition of Lexical Collocations},
pages = {1453-1460},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 13th EURALEX International Congress},
year = {2008},
month = {jul},
date = {15-19},
address = {Barcelona, Spain},
editor = {Elisenda Bernal, Janet DeCesaris},
publisher = {Institut Universitari de Linguistica Aplicada, Universitat Pompeu Fabra},
isbn = {978-84-96742-67-3},