Lexicography in the Eighteenth-century Gran Chaco: the Old Zamuco Dictionary by Ignace Chomé

Page439-451
AuthorLuca Ciucci
TitleLexicography in the Eighteenth-century Gran Chaco: the Old Zamuco Dictionary by Ignace Chomé
AbstractThe Vocabulario de la lengua zamuca is the only extant dictionary of Old Zamuco, an extinct Zamucoan lan-guage spoken in the 18th century in the abandoned mission of San Ignacio de Samucos, located in the northern Chaco lowlands of South America. This document was until now inaccessible to scholars, but has now been thoroughly studied by the present author, and found to contain very rich data, which establish its fundamental importance for linguistic studies on Zamucoan and Chaco languages. The critical edition of the dictionary is currently under publication. The original author of the dictionary, the Jesuit Father Ignace Chomé (1696-1768), reveals his brilliant linguistic intuition and remarkable skills in the collection and representation of linguistic data. One of the theoretical challenges he had to face was the threefold system of nominal sufxation, which is an absolute linguistic rarity. The present paper will show how the author dealt with the main word classes of Old Zamuco, that is verbs, nouns and adjectives. Chomé structured the entries for these lexemes in such a way as to provide plenty of information on infectional and derivational morphology. The data from the dictionary permit new and interesting insights on the grammar of Old Zamuco.
SessionHISTORICAL LEXICOGRAPHY, ETYMOLOGY
Keywordshistorical lexicography, lexicography of extinct Languages, morphology, South American lan-guages, Zamucoan
BibTex
@InProceedings{ELX2018-036,
author={Luca Ciucci},
title={Lexicography in the Eighteenth-century Gran Chaco: the Old Zamuco Dictionary by Ignace Chomé},
pages={439-451},
booktitle={Proceedings of the XVIII EURALEX International Congress: Lexicography in Global Contexts},
year={2018},
month={jul},
date={17-21},
address={Ljubljana, Slovenia},
editor={Jaka Čibej, Vojko Gorjanc, Iztok Kosem, Simon Krek},
publisher={Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts},
isbn={978-961-06-0097-8}, }
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