Marqueurs définitionnels et marqueurs relationnels dans les définitions du DAAFAPS

By November 17, 2016,
Page 1007-1014
Author Pierluigi Ligas
Title Marqueurs définitionnels et marqueurs relationnels dans les définitions du DAAFAPS
Abstract This paper analyzes relational and definitional markers and their function in meronymic, derivational and approximate definitions of nouns as they appear in the Dictionnaire alphabétique et analogique du français des activités physiques et sportives, currently under preparation. It is argued that definitional markers are semantically weak lexical substitutes with a metonymic or meronymic character, placed at the beginning of the definition and belonging to the same grammatical category as the defined lexical item. It is also argued that relational markers are words or groups of words whose function in discourse is to establish logical, spatial or temporal relations between two or more elements and which thus contribute to organize the definitional sentence and to illustrate the concept denoted by the lexical item. As mentioned supra, we have decided to exclude hyperonymic definitions-since they do not start with definitional or relational markers-and to concentrate on three types of definitions: meronymic-based on the relation between a whole and its parts, derivational-based on the relation between root and affixes, and approximate-that make use of markers such as sorte de, espèce de. We will analyze a corpus of such definitions and try to establish how these markers contribute to the fulfillment of the definition ‘s role, by following mainly R. Martin ‘s, E. Wüster ‘s, J. Rey-Debove ‘s, A. Auger ‘s, A. Condamines ‘s, E. Martin's definitional theories.
Session 5. Lexicography for Specialised Languages - Terminology and Terminography
author = {Pierluigi Ligas},
title = {Marqueurs définitionnels et marqueurs relationnels dans les définitions du DAAFAPS},
pages = {1007-1014},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 13th EURALEX International Congress},
year = {2008},
month = {jul},
date = {15-19},
address = {Barcelona, Spain},
editor = {Elisenda Bernal, Janet DeCesaris},
publisher = {Institut Universitari de Linguistica Aplicada, Universitat Pompeu Fabra},
isbn = {978-84-96742-67-3},