Russian Borrowings in Greek and Their Presence in Two Greek Dictionaries

Page 297-307
Author Zoe Gavriilidou
Title Russian Borrowings in Greek and Their Presence in Two Greek Dictionaries
Abstract This paper focuses on Russian loanwords, loanblends and loanshifts that entered the Greek lexicon during various historical periods and how they have been recorded into two major dictionaries of Modern Greek (MG), the Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek (DSMG) (1998) and the User’s Dictionary of the Academy of Athens (UD) (2014). It also aims at the analysis of the semantic fields of all documented Russian borrowings in the history of Greek, following a classification scheme which was originally used for typological comparison (Haspelmath & Tadmor 2009c). In the first part of the paper, we consider the contact situations that led to borrowing from Russian into Greek and the reasons for borrowing, which include, among others (a) response to major political events, such as the October 2017 Revolution, the Soviet era, the 1987 Perestroika; (b) literary translations of Russian masterpieces in Greek and Greek literature, such as the work of Nikos Kazantzakis or Miltiadis Karagatsis; and (c) religious affinity. Then we compare how these borrowings are recorded in DSMG and UD. In the next section, we offer a morphophonological analysis of borrowings. The semantic fields in which the borrowings belong to are also studied. Finally, the paper provides experimental data for supporting Anastassiadis’s (1994) claim that lexical fields, in which loanwords abound, reflect a stereotypic image of the country where the donor language is spoken.
Keywords loanword, borrowing, loanshift, loanblend, internationalism, loan translation, calque, structural borrowing
author={Zoe Gavriilidou},
title={Russian Borrowings in Greek and Their Presence in Two Greek Dictionaries},
booktitle={Proceedings of the XVIII EURALEX International Congress: Lexicography in Global Contexts},
address={Ljubljana, Slovenia},
editor={Jaka Čibej, Vojko Gorjanc, Iztok Kosem, Simon Krek},
publisher={Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts},
isbn={978-961-06-0097-8}, }