Terms Embraced by the General Public: How to Cope with Determinologization in the Dictionary?

Page387-398
AuthorJana Nová
TitleTerms Embraced by the General Public: How to Cope with Determinologization in the Dictionary?
AbstractThe determinologization can be described as a process when specialized words (scientific terms) move into general vocabulary, followed by changes in their meaning. Czech and Slovak linguists have described two types or subsequent stages of determinologization. Firstly, the term is widely used outside scientific communication and it remains connected to the background scientific concept, but its meaning becomes less accurate in the use of laypeople. Secondly, the connection to the original concept is lost and a new figurative meaning of the word develops. The lexicographical approach to the language material reveals there is another, transitional type of determinologization where the word is used by laypeople in a blurred meaning, e.g. wider or narrower than if the term was used by domain specialists. The treatment of selected determinologized words in four dictionaries (Czech, Slovak and two English ones) is compared in this paper and various ways to mark the determinologized usage are presented, including a separate paragraph in the dictionary entry, an example sentence with an additional explanation or an additional note to the entry.
SessionTERMINOLOGY, TERMINOGRAPHY AND SPECIALISED LEXICOGRAPHY
KeywordsCzech, determinologization, dictionary definition, general dictionary, lexicography, Slovak, terminology
BibTex
@InProceedings{ELX2018-032,
author={Jana Nová},
title={Terms Embraced by the General Public: How to Cope with Determinologization in the Dictionary?},
pages={387-398},
booktitle={Proceedings of the XVIII EURALEX International Congress: Lexicography in Global Contexts},
year={2018},
month={jul},
date={17-21},
address={Ljubljana, Slovenia},
editor={Jaka Čibej, Vojko Gorjanc, Iztok Kosem, Simon Krek},
publisher={Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts},
isbn={978-961-06-0097-8}, }
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