Theoretical Aspects of Rendering Kartvelian Verb Stems in the Georgian-Megrelian-Laz-Svan-English Dictionary

By November 23, 2016,
Page444-449
AuthorRamaz Kurdadze, Maia Lomia, Ketevan Margiani
TitleTheoretical Aspects of Rendering Kartvelian Verb Stems in the Georgian-Megrelian-Laz-Svan-English Dictionary
AbstractThe paper addresses principles of classification of Kartvelian verb forms featured in the Georgian-Megrelian-Laz-Svan-English dictionary. Voice being the main morphological category of verbs in the Kartvelian languages, the distinction based on active and passive forms was deemed the most relevant criterion for the description of verb forms. Such description also enabled to determine the possibility of derivation of active and passive forms from one and the same stem and to establish the presence of common or different voice-related morphological patterns and markers in the Kartvelian languages. The verbs presented in the dictionary can be classified into native and borrowed stock of words. Most of the loanwords in Megrelian and Svan have origins in the Georgian language, while Laz appears to have borrowed largely from the Turkish language. In the Kartvelian languages verb forms may derive either from verb stems proper or nominal stems. Verb forms in the Kartvelian languages are modelled according to essentially the same principle and are characterised by common morphological features. Sound correspondences are evident in the case of vocalic prefixes (Geo/Svan a-; Megr./Laz o-). Diachronic and synchronic linguistic evidence reveals asymmetry of passive voice formants between literary and non-written languages (Georgian -d: Megr./Laz/Svan i-).
SessionBi- and Multilingual Lexicography
KeywordsKartvelian; lexicography; verb
BibTex
@InProceedings{ELX2016-048,
author={Ramaz Kurdadze, Maia Lomia, Ketevan Margiani},
title={Theoretical Aspects of Rendering Kartvelian Verb Stems in the Georgian-Megrelian-Laz-Svan-English Dictionary},
pages={444-449},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 17th EURALEX International Congress},
year={2016},
month={sep},
date={6-10},
address={Tbilisi, Georgia},
editor={Tinatin Margalitadze, George Meladze},
publisher={Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi University Press},
isbn={978-9941-13-542-2},
}
Download