What a multilingual loanword dictionary can be used for: searching the Dizionario di italianismi in francese, inglese, Tedesco (DIFIT)

By November 17, 2016,
Page1099-1107
AuthorMatthias Heinz, Anne-Kathrin Gärtig
TitleWhat a multilingual loanword dictionary can be used for: searching the Dizionario di italianismi in francese, inglese, Tedesco (DIFIT)
AbstractThe paper outlines the structure and practical use of the Dizionario di italianismi in francese, inglese, tedesco (DIFIT), a dictionary registering Italian loanwords in three languages published in print and currently being prepared for digital reedition. This specialized lexicographical resource focuses on language contact resulting in synchronic and diachronic lexical transfer from the Italian language to French, English and German. Italian as a culturally extremely rich and diverse source for borrowings has extensively influenced other languages in different historic phases all along the past centuries. The DIFIT reflects this rich European heritage of borrowings in a maximal variety of lexical fields. Major methodological aspects in and prior to editing the dictionary included the delimitation and exploration of the source material and deciding on depth of historical coverage as well as defining the information programme of the microstructure. At the same time, limitations of the general lexicographical documentation on both Italian and the three recipient languages presented particular challenges. The poster displays results of some first quantitative research on linguistic aspects of the borrowed elements in DIFIT and gives an outlook on the ongoing project of digitizing the lexicographical data by means of an online database documenting the linguistic impact of Italian as a global donor language (Osservatorio degli italianismi nel mondo/OIM, hosted by the Accademia della Crusca).
SessionReports on Lexicographical and Lexicological Projects
KeywordsMultilingual Lexicography; Specialized Dictionaries; Online Lexicography; Language contact; History of the Italian/French/English/German Lexicon
BibTex
@InProceedings{ELX2014-085,
author={Matthias Heinz and Anne-Kathrin Gärtig},
title={What a multilingual loanword dictionary can be used for: searching the Dizionario di italianismi in francese, inglese, Tedesco (DIFIT)},
pages={1099-1107},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 16th EURALEX International Congress},
year={2014},
month={jul},
date={15-19},
address={Bolzano, Italy},
editor={Abel, Andrea and Vettori, Chiara and Ralli, Natascia},
publisher={EURAC research},
isbn={978-88-88906-97-3},
}
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